April 30, 2011

Kidney disease, recognize the symptoms early on

Kidney disease is not contagious, but the cause of death and needs a very expensive to continue treatment that lasts a lifetime patient. Therefore, increased awareness and early detection will prevent the complications of this disease becomes chronic.

Kidney disease is called chronic if the damage has occurred for more than three months and through the inspection proved the existence of structural abnormalities or renal function.

In chronic kidney disease decreased kidney function is slowly resulting in kidney failure which is the hardest stage of the chronic kidney disease. If you've reached this stage, patients require renal replacement therapy in the form of dialysis ( hemodialysis ) or renal transplantation.

Kidney weight that we have indeed just 150 grams, or only about half of the propagandist palm of the hand. However, kidney function is very strategic and very affecting all parts of the body. Responsible for managing our kidneys in the body fluid balance, electrolyte and acid-base. In addition, the kidneys also remove excess charge which will poison the body's metabolism, maintain healthy bones, and regulate blood pressure.

How to recognize the signs of kidney disease? Kidney disease often with no complaints at all. Not infrequently a person loses 90% of kidney function before starting to feel the complaint. We should be alert in case of symptoms such as high blood pressure, swelling in the feet, changes in the intensity of urine, blood in the urine, difficulty sleeping, headache, shortness of breath, always feel weak, nauseated and felt like vomiting.

Each person can be affected by kidney disease, but are advised to check in early are those who have high risk factors, namely those who have a history of high blood pressure (hypertension) in the family, heart disease, diabetes, and a family member by a physician as having kidney disease.

There are several ways checks can we do to check the condition of our kidneys. The most common is the examination of urine. The presence of blood or protein in our urine indicates abnormalities in the kidney. In addition, we also can do blood tests to measure levels of creatinine and urea in the blood. Advanced checks can be done with radiology examination and renal biopsy. Usually this is done on certain indications and with the advice of a doctor.

How to prevent kidney disease ? Renal impairment could be prevented with a variety of ways, including implementing a healthy lifestyle, quitting smoking, controlling weight, pay attention to cholesterol levels in the body, avoiding dehydration by drinking 2 liters of water a day.

In addition to a healthy lifestyle, do regular health checks on doctors. And finally, be careful in using anti-pain medication in particular types of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.

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